Introduction of zirconium alluminate in gres porcellanato
(paper presented at “Imat” – November 1994)

L. Boscardin: LRM Industria/Italy

It’s a short report on the use of advanced ceramics in traditional ceramics to obtain better performances.

Study on the adding of alumina to fine vitrified stoneware bodies
(Study published on Ceramica Informazione Cersaie special number 1995)

L.Boscardin: LRM Industria /Italy
R. Kockegey Lorenz: Alcoa Chemie/ Germany

The production of fine vitrified stoneware is in continuous evolution both in terms of quality, for the ever greater aesthetic possibilities defined by research, and of quantity expressed in square meters.
Many manufacturers of vitrified stoneware include in their range the so-called “white” or “extra-white”, that is sometimes obtained through an “ad hoc” body formulation or, in other cases, by adding bleaching agents to the base body such as micronized zirconium silicate and/or alumina with a 4-8% ratio. The first part of the article is a colour comparison between 3 different types of alumina, aimed to sec which among them had the most efficient “bleaching effect” when added to a base body for vitrified stoneware; the second part of the article illustrates the other characteristics of the bodies.
The most suitable type of alumina has been identified: then the adding of alumina is compared to the adding of zirconium silicate with respect to the general results and changes. The way this work has been developed is reported in full, describing the many different stages, in order to better understand all the passages, including those that apparently seem less important but are linked to each other by the one object of the research.

Gilox 125: characterization and use
(Study published on Ceramica Informazione n.374 – November 1997)

S. Della Corna: LRM Industria /Italy
R. Kockegey Lorenz: Alcoa Chemie/ Germany

It is a study of the characteristics of a special alumina used as a raw material for the ceramic tile industry.
In the study are described the chemical-physical characteristics, the behaviour in glass and the effects that “Gilox 125” produces in glossy and semi-gloss glazes.

ALCOA aluminas for porcelain stoneware
(Study published on Ceramica Informazione n. September 2000)

L. Papa: Mineral/Italy

This article shows two types of aluminas produced by Alcoa in the S. Ciprian production plant in NW Spain. Following a brief geographic-logistics illustration of the plant and a rapid explanation of the production procedures, is given the different behaviour of the two products within a porcelain stoneware body in order to assess its whitening effect.

At the same time is made a comparison with zirconium silicate to quantifying the existing relations with the latter.

The report concludes with an out line of each product, both from a chemical-physical and mineralogical point of view together with the implications that derive from their use.

National feldspathic materials: Felsarda products for glazes and all-thickness porcelain stoneware bodies
(Study published on Ceramica Informazione n.409 october 2001)

L. Papa, N. Pirinu : Felsarda/Italy

The article illustrates some soda and potash feldspars produced by the company Felsarda, from the processing of granite rocks quarried in two different deposits of Southern Sardinia.
After a brief description of the production capacity and potential of this new supplier, is given a lithological and mineralogical description of the quarries.
The study is completed with the characterisation of the various products and their introduction in porcelain stoneware bodies, assessing their behaviour in the laboratory and on an industrial case.

From Alcoa technologies new trihydroxides precipitated aluminas
(Study published on Ceramica Informazione n.416 october 2002)

L. Papa: Mineral/Italy

The paper presents a new range of trihydroxides aluminas produced by Alcoa in the plant of Bauxite in Arkansas. These are special, very fine precipitated aluminas, conceived for special applications.
After the description of the chemical and physical characteristics, the paper shows the differences between these new aluminas and the traditional hydrated ground aluminas.
Then the paper evaluates the behaviour of these products as the fundamental component of a pigment which is very common in the ceramic industry: cobalt alumina, showing the possible advantages to the ceramic industry and opening the way to a very wide field of research, which as been little studied so far.

Alcoa alumina from S.Ciprian: a simple logistics for an efficient service
(Study published on Ceramica Informazione n.426 july/august 2003)

L. Papa: Mineral/Italy
B.Miselli:LRM Industria/Italy

The first part of the paper shows the importance of a good logistics for an efficient service to the customers.
Mineral follows down to the smallest details both the transport from the production’s plant (that has a strategic position on the Atlantic Ocean) to the customer, and the quality control on the material.
In the second part there’s a brief study on the different types of alumina, to determine which is the suitable one for porcelain bodies.

Caolino K ER
(published on C+CA September 2007)

S.Della Corna: Mineral/Italy

Short technical study on a spanish kaolin with high alumina content and low alkali conent .

Caolino B
(published on C+CA September 2010)

E.Parsini: Mineral /Italy

Study on a spanish kaolin with high alumina content, high plasticity and extraordinary whiteness due to a very low content of titania..

Fine Alumina AF series
( published on C+CA 1/2012)

E.Parsini : Mineral/Italy
Technical study on AF series high quality fine calcined aluminas with a high bleaching power.